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Health Studies

 a person holding a cell phoneWe are advocates for elephant care, health and welfare.  We have shared knowledge, donated time and financial resources and assisted with continuing education and health studies. Since 1974 as Have Trunk Will Travel, currently as The Preserve, and with the help of the Friends of The Preserve (a 501 (c) (3) non-profit), we continue to advocate for the advancement of this incredible species through a variety of beneficial research programs.

Theses are some of the many health studies our Elephant Ambassadors have participated in over the years:

Gary Johnson, Joanne Smith, Jim Peddie, D.V.M., Linda Peddie, D.V.M., Joe DeMarco, and Ellen Wiedner, V.M.D., Dipl. A.C.V.I.M., Dipl. A.C.Z.M., Dipl. E.C.Z.M. (Z.H.M.). USE OF GLUE-ON SHOES TO IMPROVE CONFORMATIONAL ABNORMALITIES IN TWO ASIAN ELEPHANTS (ELEPHAS MAXIMUS). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 49(1):183-188. Published By: American Association of Zoo Veterinarians

2015 and 2017 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE DIAGNOSIS, TREATMENT AND MANAGEMENT OF TUBERCULOSIS (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) IN ELEPHANTS IN HUMAN CARE. Prepared by the Stakeholders Task Force on Management & Research Priorities of Tuberculosis in Elephants

Keele, M. 2015. 2014 Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) North American regional studbook, 31 August 2010 – 31 October 2014. Oregon Zoo and the Association of Zoos and Aquariums, Portland, OR.

Dunkin, RC, Wilson D, Way N, Johnson K, Williams TM. Climate influences thermal balance and water use in African and Asian elephants: physiology can predict drivers of elephant distribution. Journal of Experimental Biology. 2013;216 (15):2939-2952.

Kiso, WK, Selvaraj V, Nagashima J, Asano A, Brown JL, Schmitt DL, Leszyk J, Travis AJ, Pukazhenthi BS. Lactotransferrin in Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus) Seminal Plasma Correlates with Semen Quality. PLOs one. 2013;8 (8):e71033.

Keele, M, Lewis K, Dever K. 2011. Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) North American Regional Studbook, 17 July 2007 – 31 August 2010. Association of Zoos and Aquariums, Portland, OR.

Maslow, JN, Mikota SK, Zhu M, Isaza R, Peddie LR, Dunker F, Riddle H, Peloquin CA. Population pharmacokinetics of isoniazid in the treatment of Mycobacterium tuberculosis among Asian and African elephants (Elephas maximus and Loxodonta africana). Journal of veterinary pharmacology and therapeutics. 2005;28:21-27.

Bechert, U, Christensen JM, Finnegan M. Pharmacokinetics of orally administered ibuprofen in elephants. Proceedings of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. 2003:84-85.

Czekala, N. M., et al. “Estrogen and LH dynamics during the follicular phase of the estrous cycle in the Asian elephant.” Zoo biology 22.5 (2003): 443-454.

Fernando, P, Vidya TNC, Payne J, Stuewe M, Davison G, Alfred RJ, Andau P, Bosi E, Kilbourn A, Melnick DJ. DNA analysis indicates that Asian elephants are native to Borneo and are therefore a high priority for conservation. PLOS biology. 2003;1 (1):110-115.

Bechert, U, Christensen JM, Finnegan M. 2002. Dosage requirements of orally administered ibuprofen in African and Asian Elephants. In: Proceedings of the Mayday conference:  A cross-species approach to pain and analgesia. Ludders JW, Murphy J, Robertson S, Gaynor J, Hellyer PW, Wong P, Barakatt C, (eds.). International Veterinary Service, Ithaca, NY.

Mikota, Susan K., et al. “Epidemiology and diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in captive Asian elephants (Elephas maximus).” Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 32.1 (2001): 1-16.

Richman, Laura K., Richard J. Montali, and Gary S. Hayward. “Review of a newly recognized disease of elephants caused by endotheliotropic herpesviruses.” Zoo Biology 19.5 (2000): 383-392.

Richman, LK, Montali RJ, Cambre RC, Schmitt DL, Hardy D, Hildebrandt TB, Begis RG, Hamzeh FM, Shahkolahi A, Hayward GS. Clinical and pathological findings of a newly recognized disease of elephants caused by endotheliotropic herpesviruses. Journal of wildlife diseases. 2000;36 (1):1-12.